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Ionospheric Dynamics and Morphology Group


Understanding the Weather and Climate of the Earth's Ionosphere


The Earth's upper atmosphere and ionosphere changes from day-to-day (weather) and can be highly structured.

We use a data assimilation model (GAIM) to study the climate and weather of the ionosphere.

multiple climate charts

climate chart
climate two men
climate chart
earth and its climate

We analyze and use thousands of measurements from the ground and from space.